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A guide to getting the hg-git Mercurial plugin to work on a Windows machine

When you’re developing a Ruby on Rails application on Windows, you have to learn to deal with a lot of minor issues. I used Mercurial (Hg) initially as my source control. However when time came to deploy my application, I found out that Git would have been a much better choice. Both Heroku and Engine Yard make Ruby on Rails so easy to deploy that it would be crazy not to use them. However they integrate with Git and Mercurial support seems a long way off.

So I decided to convert my Mercurial repository to Git using the hg-git Mercurial plugin and ran into a lot of issues along the way. Here is a guide to successfully getting the hg-git plugin to work on a Windows machine:

Install TortoiseHg if you haven’t already

If you’re developing on Windows and using Hg, you probably already have TortoiseHg installed. If not, go ahead and download and install TortoiseHg. Make a note of where you install TortoiseHg, since you need to make some modifications in this directory.

Install the prerequisites for the hg-git plugin

We’re going to use the hg-git Mercurial plugin to allow us to pull from and push to any Git repository. This has a dependence on Mercurial (which is handled by installing TortoiseHg in the previous step) and dulwich which is a library that provides an interface to git repos using pure Python code.

However since you most probably don’t have Python installed on your Windows machine, follow these steps to “install” the dulwich library for use by the hg-git plugin:

  1. Download the latest source code for dulwich (version 0.4.0 or above) and unzip it to a temporary directory
  2. IMPORTANT: Read the note at the bottom of the post for troubleshooting. You might need to make a change to a file in the dulwich folder in order for it to work on Windows.
  3. Under the newly unzipped folder, you should see a directory called “dulwich” which contains all the Python code (you should see a bunch of files with the .py extension)
  4. In the installation directory for your TortoiseHg installation, you should see a zip file called library.zip. Copy the dulwich folder into this zip file in the root of the zip file.

Download the source code for the hg-git Mercurial plugin

Clone the repository at http://bitbucket.org/durin42/hg-git/ to a location on your hard drive, say C:\hg\hg-git

Setup .hgrc to use the hg-git plugin

Navigate to the hg repository on your hard drive that you want to convert to Git. Under the .hg directory, edit the hgrc file to contain the following three lines:

[extensions]
hgext.bookmarks =
hggit = C:\hg\hg-git\hggit

You need to point hggit in your hgrc file to point to the subdirectory called “hggit” located in the cloned repository (see step 3 above). This folder usually only contains Python code files (with a .py extension)

Pull and push from a Git repository

That’s it! Provided your current working directory is inside the hg repository that you set up, you should be able to pull from and push to any Git repository.

Troubleshooting

1. If you’re getting a error about a function called build_tree in index.py, you need to add the line¬† to the very top of the build_tree(path) method as follows. Once you’ve added this line, you can add the dulwich folder to zip file as in step 2:

def build_tree(path)
    path = path.replace ("\\", "/")

2. If you’re getting an error like “abort: The system cannot find the file specified”

  • Dulwich most probably cannot find ssh in your PATH. You need to make sure to install Cygwin’s OpenSSH and that you can run “ssh” from the command line.
  • Make sure that you are using the Git Bash shell as you work through this guide (Credit goes to SPR in the comments for this tip)

3. If you get “Permission denied (publickey)”, it just means that the public key required to access and push to the server cannot be found. To get around this we’re going to run the following commands:

ssh-agent
ssh-add <full path to your key file>
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Sample nginx (with Phusion Passenger) configuration file to enable SSL

Read my earlier post if you want Phusion Passenger to compile nginx with SSL support. If your nginx server already supports SSL, read on.

Phusion Passenger fills up most of the configuration in nginx.conf for you with a nice set of defaults. You just have to do a little more work if you want to modify the nginx configuration file to enable SSL on your site.

The first thing to do is purchase a SSL certificate and install it on your server. If you don’t know how, here’s a great post on installing SSL on Ubuntu with nginx. Once you’ve installed the certificate, you should be good to go.

Let’s say that you’ve got a domain name called mydomain.com and the root for your Ruby on Rails application is located at /home/mydomain/current/public on your server. The following shows a sample of the configuration required to get SSL enabled for your application:

server  {
    	       listen 80;
               server_name mydomain.com;
               root /home/mydomain/current/public;
               passenger_enabled on;
               rails_env production;
        }

# HTTPS server
server  {
               listen 443;
               server_name mydomain.com;
               root /home/mydomain/current/public;
               passenger_enabled on;
               rails_env production;

               ssl on;
               ssl_certificate /etc/ssl/certs/mydomain.com.crt;
               ssl_certificate_key /etc/ssl/private/mydomain.com.key;

               ssl_session_timeout  5m;
        }
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Getting Phusion Passenger to install nginx with SSL support

Phusion Passenger or mod_rails has taken away almost all the pain once associated with deploying Ruby on Rails applications. Phusion Passenger recently added support for the nginx web server.¬† My application required SSL support, but Phusion Passenger does not by default compile nginx with SSL support. I’m new to System Administration and even newer to Unix, having used Windows Servers all my life, so I decided to document my steps to make it easier for others with the same problem.

Download and unzip the source code for OpenSSL

Make sure to visit OpenSSL to determine the name of the latest source code tarball to download. In my case it was openssl-1.0.0-beta3.tar.gz

cd /tmp
wget http://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.0-beta3.tar.gz
tar -xvzf openssl-1.0.0-beta3.tar.gz

Download and unzip the source code for nginx

Make sure to visit nginx to determine the name of the latest source code tarball to download. In my case it was nginx-0.8.14.tar.gz

wget http://sysoev.ru/nginx/nginx-0.8.14.tar.gz
tar zxf nginx-0.8.14.tar.gz

Install and run Phusion Passenger

gem install passenger
passenger-install-nginx-module
  • Watch Phusion Passenger do its thing and when it asks you “Automatically download and install Nginx?”, answer 2
  • Specify the directory where you unzipped the nginx source code (/tmp/nginx-0.8.14 in my case)
  • Specify the directory where you want to install nginx to (/opt/nginx in my case)
  • When asked “Extra arguments to pass to configure script:”, reply with:
--with-http_ssl_module --with-openssl=/tmp/openssl-1.0.0-beta3

Keep in mind that if you downloaded the latest version of the source code, your values might be slightly different from mine.

That’s it! I’ve also posted a sample configuration file for nginx to enable SSL.